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Home  /  Picture of the Day  /  Pic of the Day by Category  /  Chinese Society & Education 社会和教育  /  科学家发现了独生子女的诸多优点 - Scientists discover many positive qualities in single children
科学家发现了独生子女的诸多优点 - Scientists discover many positive qualities in single children print version
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The Chinese obsession with the growth and development of the post-1980's singleton generations is now finding surprising optimistic signs, unfolded by a recent scientific research...

独生子女[1]人群在行为模式[2]有何特点?该问题近日成为学界[3]关注焦点。1个多月前,澳大利亚(Australia)学者在《科学》("Science")上发表论文,将其描述为"不信任人、不可靠、不敢冒险、不愿竞争、悲观[4]的个体"。最新一期《科学》杂志上刊发[5]同济大学(Tongji University, Shanghai)学者赵旭东(Zhao Xudong)、美国大学伯克利(Berkeley University)学者合作完成的文章《中国"小皇帝"显现的成功信号》(Signs of success in China's 'little emperors')。

赵旭东指出,最近几十年来,我国学者一直对独生子女进行研究,在发现独生子女存在心理健康[6]方面问题的同时,同样发现了独生子女的诸多优点。比如,独生子女独立性[7]较高,独生子女有较好的合群性[8]。在"90后"的在校大学生中,独生子女的校园适应好于非独生子女,与同伴、老师和家庭的关系也较好。

赵旭东认为,这些科学证据提示,中国的社会、家庭以及独生子女自己,对独生子女将会出现偏见[9]。因而对此做出了大量的努力为了避免了大家担心的问题,甚至使独生子女心理发展中的一些积极因素。在他看来,这些数据说明,科学家不能简单地用因果[10]思维。

What are the characteristics of the behavior patterns of singleton children? This question has become a focus of academic circles lately. Over one month ago, Australian scholars published an article on 'Science' describing singletons as "non-trustable, unreliable, have no courage to take chances, unable to compete and pessimistic individuals." The newest edition of "Science" journal published an article written collaborately by Zhao Xudong from Tongji University (Shanghai) and a scholar from Berkeley, called "China's 'little emperors' display signs of success".

Zhao Xudong points out that in the recent decades China's scholars have studied the topic of singletons. While mental problems in singletons were found, many advantages were also discovered. For example, singletons have an independent character and they get along quite good with other people. Among the post-1990 generation of singletons who are in university, singletons adjust better to the campus environment compared to student with siblings, and have good relations with companions and teachers.

Zhao Xudong believes that this research proves that in Chinese society, households and even among singletons themselves, there are misconceptions and prejudice about single children. Consequently, singletons try to put efforts to avoid the problems that everybody predicts for them. This even brings about positive factors in the psychological development of singletons. Zhao thinks that this data illustrates that researchers shouldn't employ arguments of cause and effect simplistically.     


[1] 独生子女 dú shēng zǐnǚ - single children

[2] 行为模式 xíngwéi móshì - behavior patters

[3] 学界 xué jiè - academic circle

[4] 悲观 bēiguān - pessimistic

[5] 刊发 kānfā - publish

[6] 心理健康 xīnlǐ jiànkāng - mental health

[7] 独立性 dúlì xìng - independent character

[8] 合群性 héqún xìng - the ability to get along with other people

[9] 偏见 piānjiàn - prejudice

[10] 因果 yīn guǒ - cause and effect


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