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Home  /  Picture of the Day  /  Pic of the Day by Category  /  Economy 财经   /  美国如违约中国人均恐亏损177美元 - If US violates paying national debts, China will lose $177 per capita
美国如违约中国人均恐亏损177美元 - If US violates paying national debts, China will lose $177 per capita print version
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The US considering raising the national debt ceiling is causing concern in China, the number one investor in US debt, as it is suspected that a significant sum of investments will be lost:

近日,美国(USA)一家媒体[1]指出,如果美国出现债务违约[2],整个世界经济都会受到严重影响,持有美债者[3]有可能遭受高达20%至30%的投资损失[4]。中国持有的美国国债1.152万亿美元最少会损失约2304亿美元,相当于中国人均[5]损失177美元(人民币大约1140元)。

美国财政部[6]公布的数据显示,截至今年5月末,我国持有美国国债11598亿美元,我国是美国国债第一大持有国。此外,截至2011年6月末,我国国家外汇储备[7]余额高达31975亿美元。在3万多亿美元的外汇储备中,美元资产占到60%以上。中国现代国际关系研究院世界经济研究所[8]所长[9]陈凤英指出,中国持有大量美国国债和美元资产,如果美国国债出现违约,中国利益会受到重大威胁。

中国建设银行[10]高级研究员[11]赵庆明表示,70%左右的美债由国内机构[12]和居民持有,美债违约首先影响国内。截至5月美国公共债务[13]总额为14.3万亿,其中,美国国内持有9.8万亿,占比68.6%,美国社会保险[14]及养老基金[15]为最大的持有者。海外持有占比为31.5%,其中,中国占8.1%,日本(Japan)占6.4%,OPEC国家占1.6%。尽管谈判僵持[16]使美国债务违约风险上升,但真正违约的可能性很小。

Recently, an American media group has pointed out that if an abolishment of debt takes place, every economy in the world could be influenced gravely, and holders of American debt could suffer a loss as high as 20-30% of investments. China, holding $1,152 trillion of US national debt would at least loss about $230.4 trillion, equal to a loss of $177 per capita (about 1140 RMB).

Data announced by the US Ministry of Finance demonstrate that up to May 2011, China held a sum of $1.1598 trillion of US national debt, and is the US number one national debt holder. Moreover, up to the end of June 2011, remaining sum of China's national foreign-exchange reserves was high as $3.1975 trillion. Among this sum of more than $3 trillion foreign-exchange reserves, US Dollars property consists more than 60%. Head of the World Economy Research Institute of the Contemporary International Relations Research Institute, Chen Fengying, points out that China holds a big portion of US national debt and US Dollar property. If the American national dept is abolished, China's interests could suffer a major threat.

Senior research fellow of China Construction Bank, Zhao Qingming, says that about 70% of US national debt is held by mainland China organizations and residents, therefore US national debt is primarily influencing mainland China. Until May 2011, the sum of US public debt was $14.3 trillion, with mainland US holding $9.8 trillion, 68.6% of the debt. American social insurance and pension funds were the biggest holders. Holders from overseas occupy 31.5%, among which China holds 8.1%, Japan 6.4% and OPEC countries 1.6%. Although negotiations are deadlocked, making the risk of abolishing US debt higher, the possibility of truly abolishing the debt is remains small.

Original article published by Guangxi News 广西新闻报 gxnews.com.cn

[1] 一家媒体 yī jiā méitǐ- A media group

[2] 债务违约zhàiwù wéiyuē - Abolishing debts

[3] 持有美债者chíyǒu měi zhài zhě - Holders of US debt

[4] 投资损失 tóuzī sǔnshī - Loss of investment

[5] 人均 rénjūn - Per capita, per person

[6]财政部 cáizhèngbù - Ministry of Finance

[7] 国家外汇储备 guójiā wàihuìchǔbèi - National foreign-exchange reserves

[8] 现代国际关系研究院世界经济研究所 xiàndài guójì guānxì yánjiū yuàn shìjièjīngjì yánjiūsuǒ - World Economy Research Institute of the Research Center of Contemporary International Relations; The Research Center of Contemporary International Relations is a Chinese governmental organ, established in 1980 and occupied by a research staff of approximately 500, studying topics in politics and international ties.

[9] 所长 suǒzhǎng - Head of an institute

[10] 中国建设银行 zhōngguó jiànshè yínháng - China Construction Bank (CCB), one of the four biggest banks in China, established in 1954

[11] 高级研究员 gāojíyánjiū yuán - Senior research fellow

[12] 国内机构 guónèi jīgòu - Mainland (Chinese) organizations

[13] 公共债务 gōnggòng zhàiwù - Public debt

[14] 社会保险 shèhuì bǎoxiǎn - Social insurance

[15] 养老基金 yǎnglǎo jījīn - Pension funds

[16] 僵持 jiāngchí - Deadlocked, blocked


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