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Home  /  Picture of the Day  /  Pic of the Day by Category  /  Environment & Health 环境和卫生   /  中国257万人因旱饮水困难 官方大力抗旱 - 2.57 Million Chinese Face a Drinking Water Shortage due to the Drought, Officials are Fighting the Drought Eagerly
中国257万人因旱饮水困难 官方大力抗旱 - 2.57 Million Chinese Face a Drinking Water Shortage due to the Drought, Officials are Fighting the Drought Eagerly print version
level 2
去年10月以来,中国华北[1]、黄淮[2]等地降水持续偏少,山东、河南等冬小麦主产区出现不同程度的旱情。

去年10月份以来,华北南部、黄淮、江淮[3]等地区降水持续偏少,部分冬麦区的耕地土壤缺水较严重,旱情持续发展。目前,山东、安徽、江苏、河南等地部分地区气象干旱已达特旱标准。

此次旱情有如下特点:一是气象干旱持续时间长。
二是受旱面积比较集中。目前全国受旱面积一共是7740万[4],其中河南和山东两省占接近60%。
三是部分地区比如内蒙古有一些局部的旱区出现了群众因干旱饮水困难的问题。
四是北方的部分城市因旱供水压力也在进一步加大。
五是如果气象干旱持续发展,这一个月内没有有效降雨的话,受旱面积还会进一步增加。

根据天气预报[5],2到3月份,中国华北、黄淮部分地区降雨仍将继续偏少。伴随着气温回升,冬小麦返青,作物需水量增加,目前严重的气象干旱极有可能在立春[6]后演变为较为严重的农业干旱。

党中央[7]、国务院[8]高度重视此次旱情。温家宝总理于1月亲自赴河南指导抗旱工作,亲自主持召开了国务院常务会议[9],专题研究当前的旱情和抗旱工作。

面对严重旱情,各地正在积极抗旱。山东省比往年同期多蓄水29亿立方[10],去年汛期增加的蓄水让地下水位相对保持充沛。河南省各级农业、水利、财政、石油、电力等有关部门发挥各自优势全力抗旱。

Since October last year, the precipitation in Hua-Bei and Huang-Huai regions is continuing to be unfortunately low. Different degrees of drought have appeared in Shandong, Henan and other region, where winter wheat is the main product.

Since October, precipitation in the southern part of Hua Bei, Huang-Huai, Jiang-Huai (Jiangsu and Anhui) remains unfortunately low. The section of wheat cultivated soil which lacks water is quite critical, as the drought continues to develop. At present, in Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu and other regions, the climatic aridness has already reached the level of special drought.

This drought situation has the following characteristics:
1- The climatic aridness is persisting for a long time.
2- The area that suffers from drought is rater concentrated. About 77.4 million Mu (464.4 million acres) of the country's surface area currently suffers from drought. The two provinces Henan and Shandong occupy almost 60% of the area.
3- Drought is partially emerging in some other regions, such as Inner Mongolia, where the people face the problem of a drinking water difficulty.
4- In some northern cities, because of the drought, the pressure of water supply is advancing a big step forward.
5- If the climatic drought continues to develop, that is to say that there is no effective rain within one month, then the area which suffers a drought could go a step further and increase.

According to the weather forecast, from February to March, rain levels in Hua-Bei and Huang-Huai will still be unfortunately few. Accompanies by the temperature that will be on the rise again, and the fact that winter wheat will turn green again, the crop's water demand will increase. At the moment, the severe climatic drought could possibly become a quite critical aridness of agriculture after the beginning of the Chinese new year.

CP Central Committee and high officials in the State Council, all attach importance to this drought situation. Premier Wen Jiabao have personally gone to Henan in January, in order to guide the task of fighting the drought. He personally directed the State Council routine conference, with expert studies of the drought situation and the task of fighting it.

When facing the critical drought situation, various places are in the process of a dynamic fight against the drought. Shandong province has stored 2.9 billion cubic meter of water compared to the corresponding period in previous years. The wet season last year has increased the stored water, allowing the water table to be kept relatively plentiful. In Henan province, different levels of agriculture, water conservation, finance, petroleum, electric power and other relevant fields bring into play each one's superiority in fighting the drought.

[1] 华北 huáběi - Usually referring to an area in north-east China, which includes Hebei and Shandong provinces, and the province-level-cities Beijing and Tianjin.

[2] 黄淮 huánghuái - Usually referring to a flatland region between the Huai river (south), Yimeng mountain (north), Kaifeng (west) and the ocean (east). Originally the name pointed out the region between the Yellow River (Huang He) and the Huai river.

[3] 江淮 jiānghuái - Jiangsu and Anhui provinces.

[4] 亩 mǔ - One sixth of an acre.

[5] 天气预报 tiānqì yùbào - Weather forecast.

[6] 立春 lì chūn - The first Chinese solar term, beginning with the Chinese new year and the Spring Festival (this year beginning on February 3rd, 2011).

[7]党中央 dǎngzhōngyāng - Communist Party Central Committee (CCCCP), the highest authority within the Communist Party and the State Council, the chief administrative body in China, consists about 50 members.

[8] 国务院 guówùyuàn - State Council, the chief administrative authority in China.

[9] 国务院常务会议 guówùyuàn chángwù huìyì - State Council routine meetings, normally taken place once a week, with the presence of the high State Council officials, including premier Wen Jiabao.

[10] 立方 lìfāng-Cubic meter.

 


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