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Home  /  Picture of the Day  /  Pic of the Day by Category  /  General China News 新闻   /  中国出生人口的人口性别比有持续升高的迹象 - Gender ratio within newborn Chinese is continuing to show a rising tendency
中国出生人口的人口性别比有持续升高的迹象 - Gender ratio within newborn Chinese is continuing to show a rising tendency print version
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国务院妇女儿童工作委员会[1]委员、卫生部[2]副部长[3]刘谦今日表示,中国出生人口的人口性别比[4]有持续升高的迹象。官方[5]将采取五方面措施扭转这一趋势。刘谦说,根据国际常用的标准,每出生100个女婴,相应出生102到107个男婴,中国1982年、1990年、2000年、2010年,分别进行了第三次、第四次、第五次、第六次全国人口普查[6],根据这个普查的数据,出生人口的性别比分别为108.5、111.3、116.9、118.08,从这个数据看,中国出生人口的人口性别比有持续升高的迹象。 

刘谦指出,导致出生人口性别比升高的原因是多方面的,第一方面是传统观念[7]的因素,如中国"重男轻女[8]、养儿防老[9]";第二方面是和经济因素、劳动力的因素有关;第三方面是对一些医学技术[10]的滥用[11]。

采取的措施主要包括以下五个方面:一是要加快发展社会生产力[12],不断改善人民生活水平;二是要完善社会保障制度[13];三是要落实男女平等[14]的基本国策[15];四是要严厉打击非法胎儿性别鉴定[16]和非医学需要的人工终止妊娠[17]行为;五是要加强相关部门的配合。

Member of the State Council Women Children working committee and vice-minister of the Health Department, Liu Qian, has said today that the population gender ratio within the born population in China is continuing to show a rising trend. The government shall take measures in five aspects, in order to turn this tendency around. Liu Qian said that according to current international standards, for each 100 female infants born there are 100-107 male infants born. In the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th censuses conducted in China in the years 1982, 1990, 2000, 2010, respectively, the born gender ratio (male per female) was 108.5, 111.3, 116.9 and 118.08. It can be seen from this data that the gender ratio in China's born population is continuing to show a rising trend.

Liu Qian pointed out that the cause leading to the rising population gender ratio has many aspects; one is the factor of traditional concepts, such as 'regarding men as superior to women', 'raising sons for old age security'; the second aspect is related to economy and labor factors; the third aspect is the misuse of some medical technology.

The adopted measures mainly include the following five aspects: 1. Developing the society's production force with higher speed, continuing to improve the life quality of the people. 2. Perfecting the society's insurance system. 3. Fixing national policies for man-woman equality. 4. Strongly attacking the illegal fetus gender identification (ultrasound) and the actions of stopping pregnancies conducted by non-medical workers. 5. Strengthening the coordination between relevant departments.

[1] 国务院妇女儿童工作委员会 guówùyuàn fùnǚ értóng gōngzuò wěiyuánhuì - 'National Working Committee on Children and Women under the State Council' (see here), a committee focusing on women, family planning, reproduction and children related issue, managed by the Chinese State Council (the chief administrative authority in the PRC)

[2] 卫生部 wèishēngbù - Health department

[3] 副部长 fùbùzhǎng - Vice-minister

[4] 人口性别比 rénkǒu xìngbié bǐ - Population gender ratio, men per women

[5] 官方 guānfāng - Government

[6] 全国人口普查 quánguó rénkǒu pǔchá - National census, a survey of the entire Chinese population

[7] 传统观念 chuántǒng guānniàn - Traditional concepts, traditional (often associated with the countryside) ideas

[8] 重男轻女 zhòng nán qīng nǚ - 'Regarding men as important and women as not'; preferring sons over daughters, a concept which is derived from traditional beliefs.

[9] 养儿防老 yǎngérfánglǎo - 'Raising sons, protecting old'; raising sons as insurance for old age

[10] 医学技术 yīxué jìshù - Medical technology

[11] 滥用 lànyòng - Misuse, abuse

[12] 社会生产力 shèhuì shēngchǎnlì- Society production force

[13] 社会保障制度 shèhuì bǎozhàng zhìdù - Social security system; policies and measures to improve social welfare

[14] 男女平等 nánnǚ píngděng - Man-woman equality

[15] 基本国策 jīběn guó cè - Basic national policies

[16] 胎儿性别鉴定 tāiér xìngbié jiàndìng - Identifying fetus gender

[17] 终止妊娠 zhōngzhǐ rènshēn - Terminating pregnancy


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