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Home  /  Picture of the Day  /  Pic of the Day by Category  /  General China News 新闻   /  全国双方独生子女允许生第二胎 - Couples where both sides are single children are now allowed to have two children everywhere in China
全国双方独生子女允许生第二胎 - Couples where both sides are single children are now allowed to have two children everywhere in China print version
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This weekend Henan province became the last Chinese province to approve new family planning regulations, allowing couples, where both sides are singletons, to have two children. Less single-child families are expected to be formed in the next decades, in a governmental attempt to change the trend of an aging population, where elderly cannot enjoy social and financial stability.


河南省(Henan province)25日通过了修改后的《河南省人口与计划生育条例》[1]。今后,如果夫妻双方都是独生子女[2],允许生第二胎[3]。此前,河南是全国唯一没有实行"双独夫妻生二胎"政策的省。

放宽人口政策是否会引来河南生育高峰[4]?河南实行计划生育[5]30年来,累计[6]少生人口3300多万人。河南是我国的人口大省,放宽生育二胎政策后会不会造成人口猛增[7]呢?

据科专家,即使所有符合条件的夫妻都生二胎,也只会使人口自然增长率上升0.17个百分点,不会对稳定低生育水平产生重大影响。

根据河南省公布的第二次人口普查[8]数据,在河南9402万常住人口[9]中,60岁及以上人口比例为12.72%,65岁及以上人口比例为8.36%比十年前上升1.4个百分点。郑州大学(Zhengzhou University)社会学(Social Science)的张明锁(Zhang Mingsuo)教授表示,河南调整计划生育条例后,对缓慢社会的养老压力[10]产生积极影响。

On November 25, Henan province revised the 'regulations for population and family planning for Henan province'. From today on, if husband and wife are both single children, they are allowed to have the second child. Before this, Henan was the only Chinese province that had yet to put the policy of 'husband-wife who are both singletons can have the second child' into practice.

Will relaxing the regulations of family planning lead to a 'baby boom' in Henan? In the 30 years that the family planning policy has been practiced in Henan, it led to more than 33 million less births. Henan is a highly populated province; will allowing the second child lead to a sharp increase of its population?

According to experts, even if all couples who are allowed will have the second child, it will only increase the natural population growth rate by 0.17 percentage points. This couldn't have a major effect on the low stable birth rates.

According to the secondary census data published by Henan province, among 94,020,000 permanent residents in Henan, 12.72% are above age 60, 8.36% are above age 65, a rise of 1.4 percentage points compared to ten years ago. Social science professor of Zhengzhou University, Zhang Mingsuo, said that the revised regulations will have a positive impact, slowing the social pressure of taking care of the elderly.  

[1] 河南省人口与计划生育条例》hénánshěng rénkǒu yǔ jìhuàshēngyù tiáolì - 'Henan province population and family planning regulations', the birth control regulations of Henan province

[2] 独生子女 dú shēng zǐnǚ - Single children

[3] 二胎 èr tāi - Second child

[4] 生育高峰 shēngyù gāofēng  - 'Baby boom'

[5] 计划生育 jìhuà shēngyù - Family planning

[6] 累计 lěijì - add up, altogether

[7] 猛增 měng zēng - Sharp increase

[8] 普查 pǔchá - Census

[9] 常住人口 cháng zhù rénkǒu - Permanent residents

[10] 养老压力 yǎnglǎo yālì - 'The pressure of taking care for the old'; the difficulty of children and of society to provide decent financial conditions to elderly, who are becoming a big portion of the society due to the one-child policy


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