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Home  /  Language Center  /  Theme Idioms - 相关成语  /  Mencius 孟子
Mencius 孟子 print version
父母之命媒妁之言
fùmǔ zhī mìng méi shuò zhī yán
'Parents' orders, matchmaker's remarks'; an arranged marriage, organized by parents or matchmakers
三过其门而不入
sān guò qí mén ér bù rù
'Three passed by the door yet didn't enter'; this idiom is taken from a story about Yu, founder of the ancient Xia dynasty and represents great determination and making a great effort unselfishly
拒人千里之外
jù rén qiān lǐ zhīwài
'Refuse people outside a thousand li' (li=500m); arrogant and indifferent
五十步笑百步
wǔshí bù xiào bǎi bù
'50 steps laugh at a hundred steps', taken from a battle story, by which warriors who went backwards 50 steps laughed at soldiers who walked back 100 steps for being coward. This idiom ridicules people who are unaware of their own flaws and feel superior than others
闻过则喜
wén guò zé xǐ
'Hearing makes happy', glad to be informed of one's errors and flaws
天下无敌
tiānxià wú dí
'No enemy under heaven', invincible
水深火热
shuǐ shēn huǒ rè
'Deep water, hot fire'; great suffering, difficult conditions
授受不亲
shòushòu bù qīn
'Give and accept - not intimately', no contact between man and woman
事半功倍
shì bàn gōng bèi
Achieve a good result with little efforts, twice the effect with half the effort
始作俑者
shǐ zuò yǒng zhě
Initiator of a bad conduct, starting a negative practice
专心致志
zhuānxīn zhì zhì
'Concentrate one's efforts and energies on', with complete devotion
匹夫之勇
pǐ fú zhī yǒng
'Courage of a common man', foolhardiness, hastiness
明察秋毫
míng chá qiū háo
'Sharp with trifles', notice minute details, perspicacious
来者不拒
lái zhě bù jù
'Not refuse what arrives', resist no one, refuse nothing
拔苗助长
bámiáozhùzhǎng
Spoil things by too much enthusiasm or greed
尽力而为
jìnlì ér wéi
Do one's best, try with great efforts
威武不屈
wēi wǔ bùqū
'Power doesn't bend', 'power doesn't cause injustice', unyielding to force
贫贱不移
pín jiàn bù yí
'Poverty and low position doesn't move'; being ambitious and having determination despite being in a low position
富贵不淫
fùguì bù yín
'Wealth and high status are not licentious'; being ambitious and determined, without getting puzzled by money or status
地利人和
dì lì rén hé
'Land is favorable, people are peaceful', an ideal environment
当务之急
dāngwùzhījí
An extremely urgent task, task of high priority
大有作为
dà yǒu zuòwéi
'Has a big accomplishment', achieve impressive abilities
大而化之
dà ér huà zhī
Carelessly, casually
绰绰有余
chuò chuò yǒu yú
'Ample surplus'; enough to spare, residue
出类拔萃
chū lèi bá cuì
'A kind elevated within a crowd', stands out within a group
出尔反尔
chū ěr fǎn ěr
'Put forth and oppose'; go back on one's word, contradict oneself
赤子之心
chì zǐ zhī xīn
'Heart of a bare child'; innocence, natural kindness
曾经沧海
céngjīng cāng hǎi
'In the past crossed the sea', has a wide experience
不远千里
bù yuǎn qiānlǐ
'Not see a thousand li (li=500m) as far', not mind traveling a long distance
与人为善
yǔ rén wéi shàn
Being kind and helpful towards others
舍我其谁
shě wǒ qí shuí
'Give up myself, then who?' Who but myself can do this (rhetoric question)?
舍生取义
shě shēng qǔ yì
'Abandon life, get justice', die for a just cause

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