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Home  /  Language Center  /  Theme Idioms - 相关成语  /  Confucius 孔子
Confucius 孔子 print version
患得患失
huàn dé huàn shī
'Worry about gains, worry about loss'; worry constantly, focus on what one's have and what one can lose
色厉内荏
sè lì nèi rěn
'Fierce expression, weak inside'; a coward who looks powerful, a weak or bad man
当仁不让
dāng rén bù ràng
'When practicing benevolence, not yield'; not yielding when doing the right conduct; doing what is needed by oneself, not letting others do it
怨天尤人
yuàn tiān yóu rén
'Complain about the sky, blame people': Blame everyone but oneself, not take responsibility for one's flaws
察言观色
chá yán guān sè
'Observe words, warch expression'; pay close attention to small details in the expression of another person
成人之美
chéngrén zhī měi
'Promote the virtue in people', help someone achieve success or develop good conducts
过犹不及
guò yóu bùjí
Doing too much and going too far are as bad as not doing enough
后生可畏
hòu shēng kě wèi
'The youths (the new generation) are scary'; the youths are strong and might surpras the elders, therefore the young should be respected
空空如也
kōngkōng rú yě
'Completely empty'; empty, clueless
任重道远、死而后已
rèn zhòng dào yuàn 、 sǐ ér hòu yǐ
'Carry a heavy weight over a long road, until one's death', carry many duties and responsibilities over a long period
乐在其中
lè zài qí zhōng
'Joy is in it', enjoy to the fullest, appreciate the pleasure that exists in something
举一反三
jǔ yī fǎn sān
'Lift one, reverse three': Reach a conclusion without sufficient facts, neglect important details
敬而远之
jìng ér yuǎn zhī
'Keeping a distance when respecting (someone)', keep a respectful distance, not approach casually a person of high status
文质彬彬
wén zhì bīn bīn
'The culture and substance are refined', gentle and suave
既往不咎
jì wǎng bù jiù
'Not blame for what has already passed', forgive past conducts, let bygones be bygones
三十而立
sānshí ér lì
'Standing on one's feet at age 30': 30 - An age when a man should be independent and stand on his feet in terms of occupation, family life, cultural cultivation, etc
言而有信
yán ér yǒu xìn
'Words and trustworthy': Being honest, being as good as the words one's expressed, keeping a promise
巧言令色
qiǎo yán lìng sè
'Clever words, pleasant appearance', a person of sweet talks and some charisma, but no true virture
以强凌弱
yǐ qiǎng líng ruò
'Use force to bully the weak', take advantage of the weaker, use physical strength to one's advantage
废寝忘食
fèi qǐn wàng shí
'Abandon sleep, forget food' - Work hard, be totally absorbed in something
道听途说
dào tīng tú shuō
'Hear way, speak route'; gossip, spread inaccurate rumors
登堂入室
dēng táng rù shì
'Climb the hall, enter the room'; reach a high level of proficiency in one's studies or profession
路不拾遗
lù bù shí yí
'Not collect left articles on the road'; times of social stability, a society of high ethic standards
侃侃而谈
kǎn kǎn ér tán
'Speak confidenly, candidly'; talk at ease, clearly and with confidence
尽善尽美
jìn shàn jìn měi
'Utmost good, utmost beauty', the best possible, close to perfection

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